Livestock and poultry sector needs more collaborative research approaches
By Lilian Schaer for Livestock Research Innovation Corporation
Many challenges facing livestock and poultry farmers are complex and multi-faceted - and require a broad spectrum of expertise that extends beyond the individual species.
That’s why Livestock Research Innovation Corporation (LRIC), commodity organizations and the research community are increasingly focusing on a cross-sectoral approach to research where different teams work on specific aspects of a particular issue, like antimicrobial resistance or gut health. Not only does this reduce duplication of research and stretch limited dollars, but it also fosters new ways of thinking about solutions.
A cross-sectoral approach can also mean including processors and retailers alongside farmers and researchers or creating collaborations across multiple research disciplines. While more challenging to bring together, these partnerships have proven to be very effective, says Dr. Jeffrey Wichtel, Dean of the Ontario Veterinary College.
A leading example is the University of Guelph’s new One Health Institute, which works across disciplines to address health challenges like antimicrobial resistance that impact human, animal and environmental life. Wichtel is chair of the institute’s advisory board.
“Antimicrobial resistance is an excellent example because of the urgency of the issue and the potential long-term public health concern. No sector can do that on its own, and you have to collaborate with human health and public health,” Wichtel says.
Academic research projects and programs are traditionally set up along departmental lines within colleges, which doesn’t encourage broader collaborations. Several successful initiatives at Guelph demonstrate the value of such an approach, but more can be done to harness the true benefit of collaborative, cross-sectoral research.
“It’s important to be talking about how we can change those structures, incentives, and processes to encourage more collaboration,” says Wichtel. “Where things work well is where there are incentives for people to work together.”
That’s where Dr. Rene Van Acker, Dean of the Ontario Agricultural College, believes LRIC and livestock organizations can harness their government relationships to seek support for agricultural research and innovation needs.
That includes continued funding for research programs and new infrastructure, like renewal of Ontario’s poultry research facilities. But it’s also about encouraging a shift in thinking around how those research programs are structured and including incentives for collaboration, which will result in society-wide benefits.
“I don’t think we see ourselves enough in the reality of what our sector is really all about,” says Van Acker. “Research and innovation that helps Canadian farmers results in the protection and improvement of the health of Canadians and of our shared environment, and economic growth - and that’s what we all want.”
Soil health could benefit from a collaborative approach because of its crucial role in sustaining farm productivity and direct links to the carbon cycle, greenhouse gases and climate change. And as society’s view of animals continues to change, there is tremendous benefit from a collaborative, cross-sectoral approach to welfare.
Van Acker and Wichtel are both members of the Deans’ Council - Agriculture, Food & Veterinary Medicine, which has started working more closely with the Canadian Federation of Agriculture, Food and Beverage Canada, and other national organizations to encourage cross-sectoral solutions.
LRIC leads the development of an annual list of cross-sectoral research priorities for the Ontario Agri-Food Innovation Alliance (previously the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Rural Affairs-University of Guelph Partnership) Research Program.
The organization has also introduced a mentorship program for new University of Guelph faculty to connect with and learn about the livestock sector, and recently launched a Horizon Series of white papers and webinars on leading issues.
“Every livestock sector, large or small, values research and innovation. I hear from them, academia and government that we want more cross-sector research initiatives,” says LRIC CEO Mike McMorris. “Our Horizon Series highlights the top areas with potential for cross-sectoral research and will hopefully stimulate some follow-up action.”
This article was published in Canadian Poultry, June 2021